7 Most In-demand Cybersecurity Skills to Know in 2021
Unquestionably, cybersecurity is cool. Hacking — and the avoidance of it — have developed an unassailable position in our popular culture lexicon. Numerous popular television programs, feature films, and podcasts have spent hours of narrative and documentary narratives exploring and portraying cybercrime, which has its most in-demand cybersecurity skills.
However, hacking is frequently much less glamorous than the film industry portrays it. It entails bad actors stealing our private information and causing customers and companies to deal with frustrating and costly problems. Due to the rise in cyber attacks, there is an increasingly increasing demand for professionals.
Finding these abilities includes experience with various techniques and programs and accomplishing multiple specialized tasks, such as risk assessments and penetration testing. Additionally, it is the most in-demand cybersecurity skill where it is vital to possess the appropriate soft skills and mentality.
1. Risk Assessment
Cybersecurity experts must understand how to conduct an organization-wide risk assessment. How come? Since the almost infinite techniques a hacker can use to inflict havoc make it nearly impossible to protect against any imaginable scenario, even with the most knowledgeable IT experts.
Risk management is a critical component to a cybersecurity ability set since it enables you to recognize and prioritize the weaknesses in a system’s protections that are most susceptible to assault by a hacker. Possessing the ability to assess and address most in-demand cybersecurity skills along with the system’s biggest threats enables you to be more diligent and successful in protecting the system.
2. Linux Server Administration
If you want to pursue a career in cryptography, you should become acquainted with Linux. Linux is a transparent, adaptable architecture customized by a cybersecurity skillset to allow users to search networks and access device resources in ways that most systems do not.
Perhaps, the most in-demand cybersecurity skills where the simple Linux is free and modifiable open-source software. Due to this ease of access, many cybersecurity resources are built on a Linux base. Consider Kali Linux, which was purpose-built for penetration testing (detailed below) and digital forensics. Understanding Kali or, at the very least, simple Linux is a required skill for cybersecurity practitioners.
The chances are favorable that you are familiar with Kerberos — unless you know of a different one. In Greek mythology, it’s a three-headed dog known as Cerberus that guards the entrance to the underworld, with snakes for its coat and the growling of serpents keeping the dead inside.
Since it is a cybersecurity analysis skill, the developers who created the Kerberos protocol had such grandiose ambitions; it was sure to fail. These skills needed for cybersecurity analysts allow access to an unstable link and ensures only authorized users can access secure servers. Working knowledge of cryptography makes it the most in-demand cybersecurity skills, which is beneficial when understanding Kerberos.
It is one of the technical skills for cybersecurity analyst that offers a definition which echoes the earlier description by saying “cryptography scrambles the bits so that only approved users can unfasten them to reveal the original content.” According to The MIT Kerberos Project, Kerberos uses cryptography to ensure that only approved clients access the secure server and then enciphers all contact between the two parties.
Splunk is a security information and event management service specializing in compiling security data and enabling users to respond to cybersecurity threats. This program allows security teams to collect data from several access points and create well-reasoned cybersecurity plans tailored to a business’s specific security requirements and vulnerabilities.
However, Splunk’s utility goes beyond data collection; this method can also perform continuous monitoring activities, implement proactive security measures, and promote risk assessments and intelligence gathering.
As you might guess, based on the technicality and breadth of the definition, Splunk is one of the most valuable data security skills you can acquire as you advance your cybersecurity career.
5. Digital Forensics
Many experts are working to protect the digital side of cybersecurity first and fix issues after they arise. However, confidential information can still be stolen during a hack. Digital forensics plays a role here. After an assault, data recovery specialists begin the painstaking process of rebuilding the compromised data, identifying the breach source, and working to tighten defenses.
Law enforcement practitioners should have a basic understanding of why it is most in-demand cybersecurity skills digital forensics if they are planning to pursue the intersection of IT and the law and technology in this area.
6. Penetration Testing
If you want to work as a cybersecurity expert, you must be familiar with penetration testing. This method of strengthening your cybersecurity defenses entails simulating a real-world hack attempt on your servers. Organizations also employ freelance hackers whose working lives are spent attempting to break into their networks and steal information with the organization’s knowledge to determine where protections can be strengthened the most. Daily vulnerability assessment is a must for any business that stores sensitive data.
Penetration testers are commonly referred to as “white hat” or ethical hackers, and it is indeed one of the most in-demand cybersecurity skills. Once a server’s protection system has been installed, these professionals may try to hack it. If effective, the meticulously recorded hack offers data that the organization’s cybersecurity team will use to improve defense measures and patch possible vulnerabilities until a real hacker comes knocking.
Want to give white-hat hacking a try? Metasploit is a free penetration-testing platform. Additionally, it comes pre-installed with Kali Linux!
People recognize the importance of problem-solving as a crucial cybersecurity skill. Defense is, in essence, about discovering threats and preventing or resolving them. A competent approach to solving a problem would make you well-versed in the basics of cybersecurity practice rather than analyzing a problem.
If you want to focus on defending confidential data or studying it after a hack, there are plenty of jobs in the rapidly growing field of cybersecurity. Credentials don’t have to belong and extensive to be effective, but it’s essential to start building your skill set as early as possible. Try cybersecurity engineer skills if getting your foot in the door, but if you’re already in school, be mindful of the long-term options.